We have been making arrows. And we’re getting questions how to make a good wooden arrow. This image explains how we do it, to the best of our knowledge. Spine is measured on a wooden shaft in a 90 degree angle to the grain, so make sure you place your nock slit sits correctly.
And safety comes first, so we build all our arrows with the wood grain running out to the top – that is achieved by placing the cock feather on the correct side for a right hand or left hand archer.